"to be taken aback" in Polish
Mueller then went one step further, citing "fairness concerns", and determined his office should come to no conclusion as to whether the President broke the law and would have been indicted had the policy not been in place. Charging the President with a crime was therefore not an option we could consider," Mueller said. It would be unfair to potentially accuse somebody of a crime when there can be no court resolution of the actual charge. Before the release of his report last month, friends and former colleagues of Mueller had predicted that he would feel bound as a Justice Department employee to follow its Office of Legal Counsel opinions.
But Mueller's view that department policy and issues of fairness prevented him from even assessing whether the President broke the law took some constitutional scholars and Justice Department veterans by surprise. Richard Nixon, who resigned from the US presidency before he was able to be impeached.
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Even senior Justice Department officials did not appear aware of Mueller's interpretation until he was finalising his report. Attorney General William Barr told a Senate panel earlier this month that the special counsel first told department leaders at a March 5 meeting that he was not going to come to a conclusion on the obstruction inquiry.
In his page report, Mueller did detail a series of potentially obstructive actions by Trump that were investigated by his team, going so far as to describe some as offering "substantial evidence" to support the elements of a criminal charge. But he stopped short of drawing a conclusion, writing that "while this report does not conclude that the President committed a crime, it also does not exonerate him".
Barr stepped into the void, saying he concluded that the evidence Mueller's team gathered did not establish that Trump obstructed justice. The legal opinions that guide the Justice Department's current policy that a sitting president cannot be indicted have been the subject of significant debate in the legal community for years - in part because they have never been tested in the courts.
Bill Clinton was impeached by the House and acquitted by the Senate on charges of perjury and obstruction of justice.
Translation of «taken aback» into 25 languages
Turley has argued that the analysis in the Justice Department guidelines is wrong, saying that neither the constitution nor writings by its framers refer to a desire to make the president immune from criminal prosecution. Other scholars, he noted, believe a prosecution would intrude on the president's ability to fulfill his constitutional duties.
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The department first considered the question of a possible criminal indictment of a president in , as prosecutors were weighing both Nixon's role in covering up the burglary of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate and whether Vice President Spiro Agnew had accepted bribes at the White House. Robert Dixon, who was then head of the Office of Legal Counsel, issued an opinion declaring that while the vice president could be indicted, the president could not. While the constitution did not expressly extend criminal immunity to the president, he found, prosecutors needed to nevertheless seek to balance the demands of the legal system with the "special responsibilities" of the presidency.
- taken aback | Example sentences;
- The Principles of Knitting;
- Taken Aback;
He concluded that criminal proceedings against a president should not be allowed to proceed to the point where they would "amount to an incapacitation" of the office and that the mere indictment of a serving president would damage the office's reputation in a way that "boggles the imagination". Walter Dellinger, a former head of the OLC in the Clinton administration, called the reasoning of the Dixon opinion "shaky", particularly in its focus on whether a president could be put on trial, rather than be indicted and potentially face a trial after leaving office.
Mueller took no questions and said his Russia report spoke for itself.
Meaning of "taken aback" in the English dictionary
Besides, he noted, the Justice Department offered conflicting legal analysis in other documents written around the same time, including in legal filings in court cases related to Agnew and Nixon. The Office of Legal Counsel next considered the issue in , after Clinton was impeached by the House and acquitted by the Senate on charges of perjury and obstruction of justice. In that opinion, written after Clinton was impeached for perjury and obstruction of justice, the Justice Department concluded that indictment or prosecution of a president would "impermissibly undermine the capacity of the executive branch to perform its constitutionally assigned functions".
Mueller cited the opinion on the first page of the volume of his report explaining his office's approach to assessing whether Trump committed obstruction of justice. He also wrote that out of concerns for "fairness", his office would take an even more conservative approach and not even reach a conclusion as to whether Trump's actions broke the law. But Dellinger - who has also long argued the Justice Department opinions are flawed - said he believed Mueller's approach was logical. After all, as Mueller noted Wednesday, the opinions also envision a process "other than the criminal justice system to formally accuse a sitting president of wrongdoing".
That's their job. I've done my job'," Dellinger said, adding: "He has handed Congress everything they need to proceed with an impeachment inquiry.
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to be taken aback - Polish translation - rezodogy.tk English-Polish dictionary
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